[6] Following the Lublin Union (1569), by which the Polish Crown and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania – were united as a single country, Warsaw Castle was regularly the place where the parliament of the Two-Nations State met. The room was outstanding! Small-Group Historical Guided Tour of Warsaw with pick up/drop off. As Kings of Poland, the Russian Tsars Alexander I and Nicholas I also resided in the castle when they stayed in Warsaw. The Grodzka Tower was the first brick structure of the then mostly wooden burgh. [19] In 2011 the Jagiellonian Rooms were re-arranged to house the modern Gallery of Painting, Sculpture and Decorative Arts. In 1836, after abolishing the division into voivodeships in the Congress Poland, they were replaced by the guberniyas. The next alterations to the Castle were made in the reign of Sigismund III, who transferred the royal residence from Cracow to Warsaw. On 10 October 1939, special German units, under the supervision of history and art experts (Dr. Dagobert Frey, an art historian at the University of Breslau; Gustaw Barth, the director of museums in Breslau, and Dr. Joseph Mühlmann, an art historian from Vienna) started to demount floor, marbles, sculptures and stone elements such as fireplaces or moulds. Between 1994 and 2009 the Kubicki Arcades, one of the few saved parts of Royal Castle, were restored. Notice: the prices don't include guide service (details: Guides) These rooms, which belonged to the residence of Sigismund Augustus, are now host to a number of portraits of the Jagiellon dynasty, a royal dynasty originating in Lithuania that reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. Until 1696 when the next Polish king, John III Sobieski died, no serious works were done. During the First World War it was the residence of the German military governor. Following the failed November Uprising of 1830-1831 against Russia the interior of the Royal Castle was further damaged or dismantled such as the Marble Room with its representation of Polish Monarchs. The castle has been renovated repeatedly and destroyed completely during World War II. After the creation of the constitutional Kingdom of Poland (1815) its parliaments met here at the Castle. Chałubińskiego 8, my personal data contained in the newsletter subscription form in order to receive travel information newsletter. In 1862–1863 some maintenance work was done in the Royal Castle under the supervision of Jerzy Orłowicz, Ludwik Gosławski and Potolov. The Warsaw Royal Castle is open daily (except for some holidays), but hours vary by season. University of Warsaw and Royal Castle are also within 2 mi (3 km). This huge clock tower (60 metres (200 ft) in height) designed in the sixteenth century, has always been a symbol of the Polish capital and source of inspiration for the architects of other buildings in Warsaw. During the following years, between 1722–1723, the other castle halls were converted-under the direction of architect Joachim Daniel von Jauch, the new Senate Chamber was built, and all the furnishings moved from the old to the new location, including among others: 60 Polish provincial emblems, panelling, mouldings and lesene. The imposing façade, built of brick, is 90 metres (300 ft) long and faces the Castle Square. The Royal Castle in Warsaw was a seat of the Sejm and Senate of the first Rzeczpospolita and also an official residence of the monarchs in Warsaw. Major modifications were done by Poland’s last King, Stanislaw August Poniatowski, after he came to power in 1764. The Sigismund's Tower is located in the centre of the main façade, flanked on both sides by the castle. It is situated in Castle Square, at the entrance to the Warsaw Old Town. The Russian officials occupied rooms on both floors of the west and north wings of the castle. Disobeying German orders, despite the danger of being shot, Polish museum staff and experts in art restoration managed to save many of the works of art from the castle, as well as fragments of the stucco-work, the parquet floors, the wood panelling, and more which were later used in the reconstruction. Pay attention to original paintings by Rembrandt and the canvases of Bernardo Bellotto, known as Canaletto, which were used during the … His grandsons were the last rulers of the independent Duchy of Masovia. The Royal Castle in Warsaw (Polish: Zamek Królewski w Warszawie) is a royal residence that formerly served throughout the centuries as the official home of Polish monarchs. Royal Castle in Warsaw. 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